13 Apr 2021by tobiasschaller

Through Collective Agreements


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The Office of Labor Management Standards, part of the U.S. Department of Labor, is required to collect all collective agreements for 1,000 or more workers, with the exception of those involving railroads and airlines. [16] They offer the public access to these collections through their website. In Sweden, the scope of collective agreements is very high, although there are no legal mechanisms to extend agreements to entire industrial sectors. In 2018, 83% of all private sector employees were subject to collective agreements, 100% of public sector employees and 90% in total (compared to the overall labour market). [10] This reflects the predominance of self-regulation (regulation by the labour market parties themselves) over state regulation in Swedish industrial relations. [11] The bargaining power between employers and workers is not the same in many labour relations. Workers may decide that their interests are best represented by unions and collective bargaining. When a union represents workers in a workplace, a collective agreement can be negotiated. At the law firm NJORD, we have extensive experience in legal advice in relation to collective agreements. We support you by giving you an overview of the conditions of your employees. Our lawyers advise on both collective agreement rights and rights arising from other countries.

The term “collective bargaining” was first used in 1891 by Beatrice Webb, founder of the INDUSTRIAL relations sector in the United Kingdom. [2] It refers to the type of collective bargaining and agreements that have existed since the rise of trade unions in the 18th century. The rules mentioned in collective agreements most often concern working hours. These issues include, for example, systems for balancing shift work time, shift work pay and days off. British law reflects the historically contradictory nature of labour relations in the United Kingdom. In addition, workers are concerned that the union, if it were to file a collective agreement infringement action, would be bankrupted, which would allow workers to remain in collective bargaining without representation. This unfortunate situation can change slowly, including due to EU influences. Japanese and Chinese companies, which have British factories (particularly in the automotive industry), try to pass on the company`s ethics to their workers. [Clarification needed] This approach has been adopted by local British companies, such as Tesco. In the United States, the National Labor Relations Act (1935) covers most collective agreements in the private sector. The Act makes it illegal for employers to discriminate, spy, harass or terminate workers because of their union membership or to retaliate for organizing campaigns or other “concerted activities,” creating business unions or refusing to engage in collective bargaining with the union that represents their employees. It is also illegal to require any worker to join a union as a condition of employment.

[12] Trade unions are also able to ensure safe working conditions and adequate remuneration for their work. Agreements are usually specific to the field. They include the conditions of employment of working office workers, for example. B, in the finance, IT services, construction, metallurgical and data communication sectors.

Categories: Allgemein