15 Apr 2021by tobiasschaller

What Were Some Of The Agreements At The Potsdam Conference


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To remind you of the things that were discussed at each conference, use the Mnemonic PEER If Truman informed Stalin of the atomic bomb, he said that the United States had “an unusual new destructive weapon”[51] but Stalin had a complete knowledge of the evolution of the atomic bomb from the Soviet spy networks in the Manhattan project[52] and he told Truman at the conference he hoped that truman “will use the development well atomic bomb against the Japanese.” [53] Despite many disagreements, Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. Negotiators thus confirmed the status of Germany demilitarized and disarmed among the four zones of the Allied occupation. According to the protocol of the conference, there should be “complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany”; all aspects of German industry that could be used for military purposes should be removed; all German military and paramilitary forces should be eliminated; and the manufacture of all military equipment in Germany was prohibited. In addition, German society should be redeveloped by the repeal of all discriminatory laws of the Nazi era and by the arrest and trial of Germans considered “war criminals” on the democratic model. The German education and judicial system should be purged of all authoritarian influence and democratic political parties would be encouraged to participate in the management of Germany at the local and national levels. However, the re-establishment of a German national government was postponed indefinitely and the Allied Control Commission (composed of four occupying powers, the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) would rule the country during the interregnum. France, which had been excluded from the conference, opposed the implementation of the Potsdam agreements in its zone of occupation. In particular, the French refused to relocate Germans expelled from the east. Moreover, the French would not have accepted any obligation to comply with the Potsdam agreements in the procedures of the Allied Control Council; In particular, they reserved the right to block proposals to create common policies and institutions throughout Germany and anything that could lead to the final formation of a single German government. [33] Conference participants discussed the content and procedures of peace agreements in Europe, but did not seek to draft peace agreements. This task has been entrusted to a Council of Foreign Ministers. The main concerns of the Big Three, their foreign ministers and their collaborators were the direct management of defeated Germany, the delimitation of Poland`s borders, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the Soviet Union`s role in Eastern Europe, the determination of reparations and the continuation of the war against Japan.

Potsdam lacked apathy and goodwill, which had largely marked previous war conferences, because each nation was most affected by its own interest, and Churchill was especially wary of Stalin`s motivations and uncompromising position. The Potsdam Conference is perhaps best known for President Truman`s meeting with Stalin on July 24, 1945, during which the President announced to the Soviet leader that the United States had successfully detonated the first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945.

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